Companies are increasingly having to deal with customs and foreign trade law issues, as politicians are using customs and foreign trade law more and more as a political tool. In addition to embargoes, punitive tariffs and export bans as well as licenses for certain goods (Dual-Use Regulation), the customs authorities are also increasingly checking the correct classification of goods and determining the origin of goods for preferential documents. The ever-increasing scope of regulation is countered by the shortage of skilled workers. For economic reasons, companies often do not want to hire experts in customs law or train their employees sufficiently. If companies do decide to hire expert labor, they are currently hard to find. It is therefore not uncommon for customs duties to be handled by accounting labor on the side. This is not recommended, as customs and foreign trade law in particular has some of the most severe penalties for violations. In addition to prison sentences, fines in the millions of euros are possible. Companies should therefore clarify as early as possible which specific obligations they have to observe, whether exemptions are possible and - if violations have occurred - how to deal with them. Employees should be trained on an ongoing basis.
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